Craniofacial tumors have intracranial (into the cranial cavity) and extracranial growth ( (nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, nasopharynx and pharynx, infratemporal, pterygopalatine fossa, middle cranial fossa).
Treatment: Craniofacial resections of tumors make it possible to remove (from a single surgical approach) intra- extracranial component of the tumor.
Malignant craniofacial tumors:
- Cancers: differentiated cancers (basal cell carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, anaplastic cancer, adenoid cystic cancer, cystadenoid cancer); undifferentiated cancers.
- Sarcomas: chondrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, angiomyosarcoma, lymphosarcoma, reticulum cell sarcoma.
- Esthesioneuroblastomas, Adenocarcinomas
- Neuroblastomas and Ganglioneuroblastomas
Benign craniofacial tumors:
- Osteomas, fibrous dysplasia, osteoblastomas
- Juvenile angiofibroma with intracranial spread
- Meningiomas (intra-extracranial extention)
- Neurofibromas (infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossa)